The Ultimate CBD Guide

hemp plants cbd information

There are many people discovering CBD and its benefits, with that comes a variety of questions that many are seeking answers to. We will answer those questions in The Ultimate CBD Guide.

Recently, as I’m sure you’ve seen, CBD has been making headlines as the hot “new” health and wellness trend, even though it has actually been providing health benefits to humans for centuries. The first documented use was at least 5000 years ago and we are just starting to understand why it is so powerful and effective… CBD is helping with everything from pain management to reducing anxiety and stress relief, assisting in better sleep and even restoring damaged skin.

If you are like most people, hearing about the wonders of CBD has probably made you curious:
“Should I be using CBD?”
“What even is CBD?”
“Where does it come from?”
“Is it safe?”

And let’s be honest, all the hype around it has probably left you a little confused:
“What does Hemp have to do with CBD?”
“What is a Cannabinoid?”
“Is CBD a drug?”
“Is this stuff even legal?”

The variety of different terms, varying claims and unanswered questions can be extremely confusing and may leave you unsure where to even start:
“Will I fail a drug test at work if I take CBD?”
“What strength or type of CBD should I take for Sleep Support?”
“Will CBD help me with my pain management?”
“Will CBD make me high?”
“What CBD brand can I trust?”

Don’t worry! All of these questions and more will be answered in the upcoming pages of The Ultimate CBD Guide!

We’re going to break it all down for you simply and effectively to help you easily understand CBD, your own body’s EndoCannabinoid System, how cannabinoids improve our lives, and why the CBD revolution is the biggest health trend any of us will see in our lifetimes!

We will equip you with all the tools and information you need to help your family, friends (and maybe even complete strangers) understand what CBD is, why they should be using it, and exactly where to get it, right here in The Ultimate CBD Guide.

“What Is CBD?

cbd,cannabidiol molecular structure

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a cannabinoid. “What in the world is a cannabinoid??” you ask… Good question…

A Cannabinoid is a compound found in the Cannabis plant (where there are at least 113 known Cannabinoids…. And counting!)

“Wait, Wait, Wait… you said “cannabis”… Is this stuff illegal?”

Nope! As we’ll explain in more detail later, marijuana and hemp are both varieties of the Cannabis plant.

In the United States, Marijuana is still Federally illegal, but Hemp is 100% Federally LEGAL.

CBD is derived from Hemp, therefore: It’s LEGAL!

So let’s continue with The Ultimate CBD Guide…

Just a little bit of a backstory on CBD:

As we said, CBD is derived from the Cannabis Family of plants. Medical use of cannabis dates back at least 5,000 years and enjoys a storied history:

» It is said to be an ingredient in the anointing oil in the Hebrew Exodus
» The Ancient Egyptians used it to treat glaucoma and inflammation
» Chinese Emperor Fu Hsi called cannabis a popular medicine back in 2900BC!

Cannabis plants were completely legal in the United States all the way up to the early 1900s, and the hemp variety was widely grown for use in major industries such as textiles, paper and building materials.

FUN FACT: Did you know Hemp is the strongest natural fiber in the world?

Unfortunately, in an attempt to stop the use of Marijuana, 26 different States passed laws (based on what we now know are falsehoods and baseless fears) which basically outlawed Cannabis crops, including the totally harmless and VERY useful Hemp variety.

The Federal Government followed suit in 1952, passing The Boggs act, which created strict mandatory punishments at the Federal level for offenses involving cannabis.

All use of, and even study of, the cannabis plant has been illegal ever since, even though marijuana is only one variety of the plant…

UNTIL only a few years ago and the passing of the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018.

Finally forced to acknowledge the potentially life changing benefits of Hemp for both industrial and personal use, the Federal Government made the farming, distribution and study of the Hemp family of the cannabis plant legal under Federal Law in the United States. (YAY!!)

And THAT has unleashed unprecedented opportunities…

FUN FACT: Did you know Hemp has over 50,000 known uses!

Hemp VS. Marijuana VS. Cannabis… what the heck is the difference?

cbd hemp medical testing

Both hemp and marijuana are part of the Cannabis Family of plants.

Both hemp and marijuana can produce high amounts of CBD, one of the NON intoxicating Cannabinoids.

The major difference between Hemp and Marijuana is the amount of THC they contain. (THC is the component that creates the “high”)

Hemp can contain no more than 0.3% THC, marijuana can contain up to 30% THC.

Marijuana comes from the flowers and buds of the Cannabis plant. (The flowers and buds are where almost all of the THC lives)

Hemp comes from the stems and seeds of the Cannabis plant. (where almost none of the THC lives)

» Cannabis is a family of plants where both Marijuana and Hemp are derived
» Marijuana is the part of the Cannabis plant that contain high levels of THC
» Hemp is the part of the Cannabis plant that contain no more than 0.3% of THC

This is important because it is CBD derived from hemp that was declared federally legal under the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018. CBD derived from the marijuana plant remains federally illegal because it could contain too much THC.

So, it is important to know what plant type the CBD came from in any product you consider. Just remember:
» Hemp (less than .3% THC) = Good
» Marijuana (more than .3% THC) = Bad

Okay, now that is out of the way – Let’s get to a little science here in The Ultimate CBD Guide…

Why does CBD work?

cbd affects on the brain

The EndoCannabinoid System (ECS) – This is set of molecules and receptors located throughout our own bodies that are involved in regulating everything from mood, sleep, pain, gastrointestinal activity, inflammation, seizure management, bone growth, appetite and even tumor regulation.

FUN FACT: Believe it or not, our ECS was just discovered in the 1990’s

The ECS produces and absorbs EndoCannabinoids (endo= internal), which are natural chemical compounds our bodies naturally produce – as it turns out, phytocannabinoids (phyto = plant), found in marijuana and hemp, mirror the effects of these naturally occurring, healing chemicals our bodies already produce.

What researchers have learned so far is we each have two types of receptors – CB1 and CB2.

CB1 receptors are found primarily in the areas of the brain that affect motor skills, memory and other executive functioning. Not surprisingly THC binds with the CB1 receptors more easily – which is why our brains are affected by the THC in marijuana

CB2 receptors are located mostly in the bodies nervous and immune system – the heart, gut, liver, bones – These CB2 receptors bind with the other cannabinoids found in the hemp and marijuana plants, including CBD

This is why CBD may help people with mood, sleep and pain regulation, gastrointestinal activity, inflammation, seizure management, bone growth, even appetite… because these are all things that can spring up when our nervous and immune system are out of whack.

Believe it or not, your pets also have an EndoCannabinoid System(ECS). Dogs, cats and horses can also benefit from CBD and other Cannabinoids! While research is limited, personal experience has shown us that pets respond well to CBD for a variety of different needs.

We personally used it for our sick cat JJ. Poor JJ had liver cancer. He was given 30 days (at most) to live, so we started giving him CBD Oil. We figured we had nothing to lose. He ended up living for another 2 full years (with a very high quality of life) and we’re certain CBD Oil was the reason.

My sister used it for her arthritic dog, little Maddie. Maddie was such an athletic dog in her youth, but slowly, day by day, she was less and less mobile. And then one day, she could barely walk – my niece decided to try to give her CBD and within a week, Maddie sprung back to life and it was like she was her little pup self again!

Tell Me More About Cannabinoids

cannabis cannabinoids breakdown

Today we know there are at least 113 different cannabinoids in the Cannabis Plant. The science and study of cannabinoids and their different benefits, especially the lesser known types, is still growing rapidly.

We will start with the two Cannabinoids you have already heard of THC and CBD –

Tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC, is probably the most famous of all of the Cannabinoids as it is associated with marijuana as the component that creates the “high”, producing the psychological effects. Like most other Cannabinoids, THC mimics a variety of naturally produced chemicals in the human body that are part of the EndoCannabinoid System.

As we said earlier, hemp can contain no more than 0.3% of THC – which is no where near enough THC to product any psychological effects.

Cannabidoil, more commonly known as CBD, is a NON-psychoactive, naturally occurring chemical compound derived from the cannabis plant.

CBD is commonly used to address anxiety and insomnia (studies suggest CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep).

It may also be an option for treating different types of chronic pain. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed, using an animal model, that CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis.

Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain – two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat!

Of course more study in humans is needed to substantiate any claims, but the early research is looking really positive.

If CBD is derived from hemp and has less then 0.3% THC, it is completely legal to possess and use under Federal Law.

Fun Fact: CBD actually plays a role in blocking the psychoactive effects of THC

THC and CBD are just two of over 100 cannabinoids found in Marijuana and Hemp.

There are a few other cannabinoids you should be aware of that have been rising in popularity recently: (hint hint more opportunities yay!)

Cannabidoil Acid or CBDa, is effectively the “raw” version of CBD. Recent studies have shown CBDa may have great potential as an anti-inflammatory agent and may also have use as an anti-nausea alternative.

Cannabigerol, or CBG for short, is another NON-psychoactive, naturally occurring chemical compound derived from the cannabis plant. CBG is a lesser known cannabinoid, but preliminary studies have shown that it may help with concentration and energy levels.

Cannabinol or CBN, is actually the first known Cannabinoid: the original isolate discovered by scientists. CBN is another naturally occurring Cannabinoid and is highly regarded as a sedative, promoting sound sleep, and also a possible stimulant for bone tissue growth, among other benefits.

CBC or Cannabichromene, while being one of the oldest discovered Cannabinoids, has just recently started to gain recognition and may turn out to be one of the most important. From applications as a possible painkiller (without the side effects of the traditional painkillers), anti-inflammatory agent (for use in treatments of acne and arthritis), CBC is also currently being studied for its ability to inhibit cancer cell growth. CBC has been determined to be most effective when used in conjunction with other Cannabinoids.

Fun Fact: “The Entourage Effect” is a term for the increased benefit you get from ingesting multiple components of the cannabis plant together, instead of one at a time.

Along with cannabinoids, there are also compounds called Terpenes in the cannabis plant.

While terpenes are not cannabinoids, they can, and do, play an important role in the effectiveness of cannabinoids.

There are over 20,000 known terpenes in existence and over 100 of these can be found in the cannabis plant. Terpenes determine the scent and flavors associated with different strains of the cannabis plant.

They also work hand in hand with cannabinoids to create these scents and flavors, and they also impact the efficiency of cannabinoids as part of the “Entourage Effect”. Terpenes have their own unique benefits too, such as being responsible for the Cannabis Plants regenerative abilities (which gives credence to them as immunity boosters).

Knowing that all these different cannabinoids and terpenes are in the cannabis plant will help you to understand the different terms that describe the type of CBD in different products.

What Are The Different Kinds Of CBD?

hemp powder,hemp oil,hemp seeds

Think of CBD “Isolate” as CBD in its purest form, typically found as a powder or crystal isolate. Isolate is produced through a process called “winterization” which involves chilling the CBD chemical compound, enabling the removal of all possible cannabinoids and other chemical compounds found in the Hemp plant that could have remained during the processing of CBD.
This effectively removes all other cannabinoids and is pure CBD.

This is a good option for people who may be worried about drug tests at work, as there will not be any THC in the products that use the CBD isolate.

Full-Spectrum or Pure-Spectrum CBD is basically on the opposite end of Isolate in that it undergoes far less processing, leaving in all of the Cannabinoids that the plant has to offer, including trace amounts(but still less than 0.3%) of THC.

Some users prefer Full-Spectrum CBD over an Isolate or Broad-Spectrum CBD due to what’s known as the “entourage effect”

Broad-Spectrum CBD is closer to Full-Spectrum CBD, in that it still contains the majority of Cannabinoids and Terpenes, however the THC is strategically removed. This is one of the more popular types as it still provides the benefits of the entourage effect, allowing the opportunity for the many Cannabinoids to work in concert to their fullest without the concern for any possible psychoactive effects.

How do I know the CBD product is quality and safe?

hemap rx

The truth is there are no agencies out there that oversee CBD manufacturers – so it is a bit of a crap shoot when you buy CBD without really knowing where the CBD came from.

Brand Power Direct was formed directly for this reason. We wanted to cut through the noise in the CBD market and provide distributors and consumers the most trusted CBD brands on the market.

» We are very selective with the brands we represent, they must be well established and must pass our rigorous process of quality testing.

» All products are manufactured in a medical grade FDA facility in Camarillo CA (California maintains the highest level of standards for product safety in the US)

» All products are third party tested and come with Certificates of Analysis (COAs). Our third party labs itemize contaminants, such as heavy metals, chemicals, pesticides and microbial contaminants (i.e. mold) and any other residual solvents that may be left over from the extraction process – The purity of our products is unmatched.

» All products are organic and independently tested for purity and potency. Depending on the brand – the isolate comes from trusted sources in Colorado, Nevada, and California

Not let’s get to some of the answers to your CBD questions –

magnifying glass hemp leaf

What is CBD used for?

CBD is commonly used for anxiety & stress relief, pain management, as a sleep aid, as an anti-seizure medication, an anti-inflammatory and a variety of other purposes, in both humans and pets.

Does CBD contain THC?

CBD Isolate and Broad Spectrum CBD do not contain THC. Full-Spectrum CBD can contain trace amounts(less than .03%) THC.

Will CBD make you “high”?

CBD does not make you high, even Full Spectrum CBD. CBD itself negates the psychoactive properties in the trace amounts found in Full Spectrum.

Is CBD a drug?

Not to be confused with medical marijuana, Cannabidiol is a naturally occurring cannabinoid, derived from hemp and is not classified as a drug, as it contains no psychoactive properties. However, as of 2018, the FDA has approved CBD as a prescription medicine for the use of two rare forms of childhood epilepsy.

What is the best way to take CBD?

The best way to consume or use CBD depends on the need but can also depend on the user, in most instances it is a personal preference. Typically, for neurological and internal needs, orally is the optimal manner while for muscular needs will often benefit from a topical application.
Are there different strains of CBD?
As Cannabidoil is a specific chemical compound, it does not have strains. Some CBD products may reference strains, however, these are in fact referencing the different Terpenes found in hemp.

Will CBD show up on a drug test?

CBD itself is not tested for. Since CBD Isolate and Broad Spectrum CBD do not contain THC, they will not show up on a drug test. It is possible for the trace amount of THC Full Spectrum CBD to show up on a test.

Does CBD have side-effects?

The majority of people that consume CBD do not experience any common side effects which may include drowsiness or a change in appetite. Some people with extremely low tolerance for any sort of medication, for instance even aspirin, may experience some side effects. If it is common for you to experience a side effect from any sort of product, it is recommended you consult a physician prior to consumption.

How much CBD should I take?

The amount of CBD one should consume varies by a number of factors, including weight and type of CBD. Most often it is best to start with the lowest recommended amount for the specific CBD product you are consuming, then adjusting from there.
You can refer to the dosage recommendation chart

Can I overdose on CBD?

There has never been a reported overdose of CBD and it would be considered nearly impossible to consume enough to actually do so.

What is CBD made from?

CBD is made from the stalks, stems and flowers of the hemp plant.

How is CBD produced?

CBD can be produced in a variety of ways, but the majority involve extracting the CBD from the hemp by binding it to a secondary solvent such as oil or alcohol, through slow heat or other methods. A professional lab will typically use a more advanced CO2 process, similar to those found in the commercial food industry extraction processes.
Brand Power Direct brands:
For products with isolate, it is ethanol extraction, for distillate products, it’s nano emulsified, and for the water soluble it’s CO2 extraction

What should I look for when choosing a CBD or brand?

Things to look for is that the CBD amount is displayed, what spectrum type it is, and whether it has been 3rd party tested for validity. The top CBD brands will be very transparent with this information. Other things to look for is where the CBD is produced and if they are making over-exaggerated health claims.

Is CBD illegal?

CBD produced from the hemp plant is not considered a Schedule I drug, so therefore is legal.

Are there any states where CBD is not allowed?

According to Federal Law, CBD oil, as long as it is produced from hemp and contains less than 0.3% THC, is technically legal in all 50 states.- As far as we are aware, three states currently prohibit CBD –


According to Idaho state law, any hemp-derived CBD product must meet two conditions in order to be legal. First, it must contain 0% THC, not just less than 0.3%. Second, it must be classified as “not marijuana” under Idaho Code§ 37-2701(t). In simple terms, this means that CBD can only be taken from certain parts of the hemp plant.


CBD is still technically illegal in Nebraska, but hemp-derived CBD was decriminalized by the state government in a bill passed on May 30, 2019.
Nebraska LB 657 removed hemp and hemp-derived products from the controlled substances list. Any CBD product sold in Nebraska must contain less than 0.3% THC and follow certain manufacturing, testing, and delivery rules.

South Dakota

The government in South Dakota is pretty clear about it: Industrial hemp and CBD oil in all forms is illegal in the state. However, law enforcement leaders in certain counties say they won’t prosecute people for having CBD.

When was CBD discovered?

First isolated in 1940’s, the chemical makeup was discovered in the 1963.

How long does it take to feel the effects of CBD?

The amount of time it takes to feel the effects of CBD depends on the method of use or consumption. In most instances, 15-45 minutes is the norm, with topical typically responding quicker and ingesting a little longer.

How long do the effects of CBD last?

In most instances, the effects of CBD will last around 4-6 hours. This can obviously vary depending on the amount consumed and the manner with which consumed, however the typical duration is about that time range.

Is CBD addictive?

In short, the answer is NO! The chemical structure of CBD does not lead to the release of dopamine, a common factor in addictive products. In fact, CBD is commonly sought to help with the withdrawal process for other addictions due to its own, non-addictive qualities.

How long does CBD retain its potency(expires)?

Most CBD has an average shelf life of about a year when stored properly in a cool, dry place. After that, the chemical compounds do start to degrade.

Does CBD interact with medications?

It is possible for CBD to interact with medications. It is recommended that you consult your physician prior to consuming CBD if you are using pre-existing medications of any type.

Does CBD interact with alcohol?

For most people, CBD does not have a negative interaction with alcohol. Those that have a typical high reaction to even something like aspirin, may experience additional drowsiness.

Are Hemp Seed Oil and CBD Oil the same thing?

Hemp Seed Oil and CBD Oil are not the same thing. Hemp Seed Oil is often confused with CBD oil and related products. While Hemp Seed Oil is derived from the seeds of the same plants that produce CBD, it does not contain any Cannabinoids, however it does have its own unique properties, including beneficial nutrients, fatty acids and bioactive chemical compounds that are helpful for general health & wellness. Often you will see Hemp Seed Oil touted as a benefit to heart and brain health, in skin care products and even used in cooking.

Is it legal to ship CBD?

Yes, it is legal to ship CBD in the mail according to Federal Law, as long as it is produced from hemp and contains less than 0.3% THC.

Are you allowed to travel with CBD?

In most instances, TSA has determined yes, as long as the product contains less than 0.3% THC. Given this, it is still recommended to travel with it in your checked baggage, especially depending on the CBD product.

Is all CBD made in the USA?

CBD is produced in most countries where hemp production is legal, however the majority of CBD products available in the USA are produced in the USA.

Is CBD safe for pets?

YES! CBD products are a wonderful alternative for pet care. Many CBD companies produce pet specific products.

How much should my pet take?

The amount of CBD you should give to your pet varies depending on weight and what animal you are providing the CBD products to. Most brands have a general guide or recommended amount based upon weight, which you can adjust given your pets response to the CBD.

Can my pet take too much CBD?

It is unlikely that you could provide an amount that would be harmful in any way to the pet, unless for example they were to get into an item that contained other unsafe ingredients, like a skin cream. A higher than average dose may induce drowsiness or change in appetite. If this occurs, simply adjust the quantity given.

Thank you for your attention and dedication to learning more about CBD. We wrap up The Ultimate CBD Guide with a quick final review. Watch our “What is CBD?” video below.

View our safe & secure Trust Brothers CBD online store to stock up now with our Gluten Free, Organic, Vegan, NON-GMO, USA Grown, 0% THC, 100% Awesome and Healthy CBD products.

trust brothers cbd products ingredients

Here’s to your health,

Tim & Tom Trust,
The Trust Brothers

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